Cuanto Tardo San Martin En Cruzar Los Andes

Although ns initial tide of independence movements had been quashed by the Spanish forces, ns resurgence began in mil ochocientos diecisiete and was much more successful. San martín began this revival by crossing ns Andes from the revolutionary stronghold the Río de la Plata, to Chile. Bernardo O’ Higgins worked with San martín to strengthen los assault. This phase of los wars of freedom is an especially interesting since it required efectivo from both political parties of the Andes to occupational together. In his book, Armies, Politics y Revolution. Chile, 1808-1826, Juan nombre de niño Ossa papa noel Cruz examines the Army of los Andes considering in específico the way the men representar Chile and from ns Río de la plata region worked together between 1814 and 1817. Over there was part friction between los different factions yet José de San martin was able to get over these rifts to bring his military strategy to fruition.

Estás mirando: Cuanto tardo san martin en cruzar los andes


The fight of Chacabuco

Martín’s military strategy led the soldiers gastos generales difficult terrain; los army crossed the Andes Mountains at miscellaneous points to confuse ns Spanish Royalist forces. This had been meticulously planned with supplies save on computer in places in advance. Ns independence fighters got victory in ns Battle of Chacabuco on quince February 1817 and subsequently entered and took direccion of Santiago. There is un short description of los Battle of Chacabuco in ns podcast above by Natalia Sobrevilla.

A an ext detailed analysis of ns strategy of los Andean assault is offered in ns documentary below. It to be made by the Argentine television channel coronación Encuentro y features los War y Nation atareq.neters juan Luis Ossa papá noel Cruz y Alejandro Rabinovich. Alejandro Rabinovich has likewise written generally about the plight of the troops desde the Río después la plata region in his publication Ser soldado dentro las Guerras de Independencia. La experiencia rutinaria de la tropa en el Río ese la Plata, 1810 – 1824.

While the Andean mission to be successful, ns Royalist efectivo still had direccion of the del sur of Chile and fighting would continue con them for many years, yet San nombre de niño now had actually his eyes collection on los more an effective region of Peru and his próximo major action would it is in to set sail because that Lima.

In the podcast below, Alejandro Rabinovich tells a tale about a black soldier from San Martín’s army.

One of los most famous mulatto soldiers in san Martín’s army was joe Romero. Romero to be the son of un white aristocrat and a black servant. His aristocratic father had actually ensured that the boy received un good education but that did not officially recognise ns boy together his estaban or aprobar on his name to him, as was customary in those times. Nonetheless con his father’s support, Romero would go on come be uno soldier. That joined the army at los age the 13 in un regiment that was particularly for mulattos.


José Romero

Romero’s very first battle was the batalla de san Carlos. Later on he helped capture a Spanish frigate in ~ Talcahuano, combated in Chilllán y in the Battle of ns Roble. He was commissioned to form uno regiment of slaves called ns Regimento Ingenuos del la Patria, yet this mission fail as the slave owners started to hide your slaves. Romero to be taken sinner at los battle that Rancagua, yet was later released y would fight in los Battle that Chacabuco y in los Battle of Maipú.

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By 1817, Chile had actually been functioning independently desde Spain for number of years, although alguno formal declaration of independence had actually been made. Five years earlier ns issue that independence had actually been addressed in joe Miguel Carrera’s Provisional Constitutional regulation of 1812. This document principal that no decree or ruling order concerns outside the Chile will have any effect and anyone that tries to provide them pressure will be released as uno criminal of ns state. However ns document likewise recognised the authority that Fernando VII.

After ns Battle that Chacabuco, Chile entered un period known as the casero Nueva. By this señalar it had actually all los hallmarks the an independent state: its own currency, flag and coat of arms. Los Chilean explanation of independence was ultimately drafted in January 1818 and approved by Supreme directivo Bernardo O’Higgins ~ above February 12, mil ochocientos dieciocho at Talca. Ns document to be then back date to January uno 1818 in Concepción.


Further Reading

Ossa papá noel Cruz, despues de ansan Luis. Armies, Politics and Revolution. Chile, 1808-1826. Liverpool: Liverpool college Press, 2014.

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Rabinovich, Alejandro. Ser soldado dentro de las Guerras después Independencia. La experiencia cotidiana de la tropa dentro de el Rio después la Plata, 1810 – 1824. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana, 2013.